There are several kinds of miniature pigs in the world but I will only mention a few. Reason I am mentioning these is that some have been used to make the small pigs we have today and others are the breed results of combining different bloodlines. The mini pig bloodlines were actually started to provide smaller pigs to be used in the research laboratories. Pig anatomy at least the vital organs are very similar to humans and they metabolize medications in the same way. Over the last 20 years, pigs have also replaced dogs as the general surgical model in the international arena for both training and research in the medical field.
is the smallest of the pigs used in the medical field and one that has been used to bring down the size of other breeds to develop mini pigs. The Göttingen minipig originated at the University of Göttingen (Germany) in the 1960s as the result of crossbreeding the Vietnamese swine, the Hormel or Minnesota miniature swine and the German-improved Landrace.
are a dwarf swine breed which were developed in the 1960’s from the Vietnam area sent to Sweden then later to Canada. They are know by many names such as pot bellied pig, potbelly pig, mini potbelly pig, miniature pot belly pig and a lot of other common names. The original ones brought to North America in 1986 were first intended for zoos. The original that came from Canada were in the 250 lb range which is a lot smaller than an 800 lb farm pig so it was a popular novelty that spread like wildfire. Now full grown potbellied pigs weigh an average of 70-150 lb. with some reaching 200 lb. or more; they average 3-ft. long and 15-inches tall. Full growth is not reached until about 5 years of age. Colors range from solid black to solid white, with a variety of spots in between.
Kunekune pigs are relatively small and highly distinctive, characterized physically by a short-legged, dumpy build, pot tummy, short upturned nose, and a generally fat, roundabout appearance. A unique feature of the kunekune are the pire pire (tassels) hanging from their lower jaw (about 4 cm long). But not all purebreds have tassels. Their legs are short and their bodies are short and round. The color range includes: Black, black and white, white, gold, tan and brown. Tempearment-wise they are delightful, being placid, very friendly, and easy to maintain. They thrive on human company, and are extremely popular as pets. The Kunekune pig developed into its present form in New Zealand, although the breed is of Asian origin as indicated by DNA analysis. During most of the period these pigs have been in New Zealand they were kept almost solely by Maori tribes and would often go in and out their huts, sleeping with them at night and developing a bond with the human race.
Mini Juliana Pig
The Mini Juliana pig is one of the most popular breeds of the miniature pigs. Sometimes called Micro Mini Juliana pig, it is a docile, loving type pig with a long snout and longer hair than most pigs. It’s body is a long, lanky type structure with longer legs than some of the mini pigs. That does help it travel on stairs and jump on your couch easier than a shorter legged pig. Known for their spots and often called the painted pig, the spots are a breed requirement. All purebred Juliana pigs must have spots however all spotted pigs are not Juliana. Be sure to look for the long snout, almond shaped eyes and easy temperament if you are searching for a Juliana pig.
Micro Mini Pig
The Micro Mini Pig is one of the smallest breeds and unlike the Mini Juliana pig comes in a variety of colors. They have a medium snout, short legs and medium length hair. They come in the popular “pink” which is a white pig but as piglets actually look pink. They also come in black and white, black, tuxedo look and occasional red. Ranging from 18 lbs to 80 lbs depending on if you measure their food or let them eat a lot like they and all pigs like to do.